MOHSUN ZELLABDIN NAGHISOYLU
Mohsun Naghisoylu was born on September 1, 1946 in Khok village, Sharur, Nakhichevan region. After getting his primary education in this village he entered the Faculty of Oriental Studies (the Department of Iranian Philology) in Baku State University and graduated from it in 1971.
He had worked at the Institute of Manuscripts named after Mahammad Fuzuli since 1972. Then in the years of 1976 – 1980 he took the position of a junior scientific worker, and then in 1981 – 1988 worked as a senior scientific worker. He had been the head of the Department “Research of Persian language Manuscripts” since 1988. While working at the Institute he basically investigated the field of Persian-language and Turkic-language manuscripts. His scientific descriptions were included into the I, II and III volumes of the Catalogue of the Persian-language manuscripts. He is the Scientific Editor of the II and III volumes of the Catalogue of Persian-language manuscripts. In 1979 M.Z.Naghisoylu defended his candidate dissertation “The XVI Century Azerbaijani Translation Work “Shuhedaname”( Poligraphic, Orthographic and Translation Problems)” and in 1994 defended his Doctoral thesis “ The XV-XVI c. Azerbaijani Translation Monuments (Textual Research and Language Features)”. He is the author, compiler and translator of 28 books and monographies.
His books “The Middle Ages Art of Translation in Azerbaijan”(Baku, 2000), “Hadiqatus-Siada” by M.Fuzuli (Baku, 2002), “The XVI Century Azerbaijani Translation Monument”(Baku, 2003), “Translation of “Gulshani-raz”by Shirazi” (Baku, 2004), “Translation of Asrarname” by Ahmadi (Baku, 2005), “Translation of “Hadisi-arbain” by Hazini (Baku, 2008) played an important role in the development of the National Azerbaijani Humanities and were appreciated highly by the scientific public. His scientific researches were basically devoted to the investigation of translation manuscripts from Persian into Azerbaijani from the viewpoint of Text studies and Linguistics. M.Naghisoylu is the author of more than 200 scientific and scientific-mass articles concerning the historical problems of Azerbaijani translation and written monuments.
He made a lot of scientific reports in a number of International scientific conferences. His articles were published in different books of scientific collections in Tehran, Kabul, St.Petersburg, Iravan, Kazan, Ankara, Konya, etc. He was the compiler of the book “Nizami. Pearls” which was published in Turkey. But his book “The Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts” was published in Iran. For school-leavers he wrote some teaching aids, such as, “The Azerbaijani Language”(1999), “Literature”( 2000), “The Azerbaijani Language and Literature” (2003). He is one of the compilers and publishers of some books, such as, “Hadiqatus-sueda”(1993) by M.Fuzuli, “ Lisanut-teyr”(2000) by M.Nasiri and “Sheykh Shafi Tazkiresi”(2006) . He had been the scientific supervisor of 4 post-graduates, who already defended their dissertations.
The three books translated from Persian by him are the followings: S.Balaghi “Quran qissələri”, A. Bakhshayishi “ Sidigiye-Tahire”, Sheykh Mohammad Shebusteri “Gulshani-Raz”.
M.Naghisoylu is the member of the Specialising Council of the defense of the Institute of Oriental Studies, as well as, the member of the one-fold Council organized within the Institute of Manuscripts. He taught “The Azerbaijani language “and “History of Turkic Islamic Literature “ at Qafqaz University in 1996 – 2002. He has been working as Professor of the Department of Literature of Foreign Countries in Sumgayit State University since 2005. He worked as an interpreter in Afghanistan in 1967 – 1970, 1972 – 1975 and in 1982 – 1986.
MUKHTAR KAZIMOGHLU - IMANOV
Mukhtar Kazimoghlu Imanov was born on May 28,1955 in Akhura village, Sharur region, Nakhichevan. In 1977 he graduated from the Philological Faculty of Azerbaijan State University (now Baku State University).He was a postgraduate in the field of Theory of Literature at the Institute of Literature named after Nizami in the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan (NASA).
He got his scientific title of Doctor of Philosophy on Philology in 1984, and in 2007 he got his further scientific title of Doctor of Philological Sciences. In 2014 he was elected a Corresponding Member of the NASA.
M.Kazimoghlu began his professional activity in Hamzaly village, Sharur region of Nakhichevan where he worked as a secondary-school teacher of the Azerbaijani language and Literature (1977 – 1980). After having got his post-graduate education, in 1983 – 1992 he worked as a junior scientific worker in the Department of Mythology at the Institute of Literature named after Nizami in the NASA, then became a scientific worker, and afterwards he became a senior scientific worker there.He was the Editor-in-Chief of “Yazichi” Publishing-House in 1992 – 2000.
In 1999 he took part in Municipal elections and was elected as a member of M.A.Rasulzadeh Municipality in Baku city. He was a chairman of the Commission on Social and Ecological Issues in 2000 – 2003.
In 2001 – 2003 he worked as a senior scientific worker in “Folklore Palace” Scientific-Cultural Centre of the NASA. After the Center was changed into the Folklore Institute, he began working as a leading scientific worker of the Department of the Turkic Peoples’ Folklore. He has been working as the Director of the Folklore Institute of the NASA since 2011.
M.Kazimoghlu is a distinguished scholar in the fields of Literature Studies and Folklore Studies. Seven of his books (Psychology in Modern Azerbaijani Prose. Baku, Elm, 1991; Archaic Roots of Laughter. Baku, Elm, 2015; Poetics of the Folk Laughter. Baku, Elm, 2006; Bifurcation of the Character in Folklore. Baku, Elm, 2011; Epos. Prose. Problems. Baku, Elm ve Tehsil, 2011; Portraits. Baku, Nurlan, 2013; Folklore is Both the Past and the Present. Baku, Elm ve tehsil, 2014) are devoted to the creation of the concept of Azerbaijani folk laugh culture. Besides them, he has more than one hundred scientific articles, as well as, publicistic writings published. Being very much interested in regular collection, compilation and publication of folklore, the scholar has become one of the project leaders and co-authors of most of the books written in this field. Most of his books were published abroad. He made reports in very many international scientific symposiums, conferences and congresses.
M.Kazimoghlu was one of the winners of the II Shusha Grant competition in 2013. He was the supervisor of 5 Doctors of Philosophy. He has been working in the position of a Chairman of the Scientific Dissertation Defense Council specializing in Folklore studies and the Scientific Council of Folklore Institute. He is the Editor-in-Chief of “Archetype” Journal which is considered to be one of the most authoritative scientific collections on Folklore Studies in Azerbaijan and he is a member of the Editorial Staffs of the Journals “ Dada Gorgud” and “Turkology”.
M.Kazimoghlu is the head of the Scientific-Teaching Seminar on Literature in the State Commission on Student Admission and a Chairman of Experts Council; a member of the Ijtimai Television and Radio Broadcast Corporation Council. He has two sons and two grandchildren.
M. Kazimoghlu is a Corresponding member of the NASA. His scientific works attract more attention from the point of view of dedication to the most complicated theoretical and conceptual problems of Modern Azerbaijani Folklore Studies and Literature Studies. He defended his dissertation on the theme “ Psychology in Modern Azerbaijani Prose” in 1984 under the supervision of Academician Mammad Jafar Jafarov at the Institute of Literature named after Nizami. M. Kazimoghlu came to the conclusion that the origin of the heroes who are so well remembered for their heroic scenes has its beginning with folklore.Then this conclusion caused him to change the object of his research from written to the oral literature, then to folklore and mythology. Afterwards in 1991 he devoted the first chapter ( “Psychological Prose and Folklore”) of his monograph “Psychology in Modern Azerbaijani Prose” to the relations of oral and written literature. Beginning with the end of 1980s he published a number of articles in many different collections on folklore studies and regularly took part in folklore expeditions, and after a while published his book which consisted of folklore patterns.
Two of his monographs “Archaic Roots of Laughter” (Baku, Elm, 2005) and “Poetics of the Folk Laughter” ( Baku, Elm, 2006) are considered to be most serious works dedicated to the research of theoretical problems of Folklore Studies. The difference between the laughter in folklore and laughter in written literature and their special functions are shown in these works. The scientific concept connected with the culture of Azerbaijani folk laughter, the archaic semantics of folk laughter and its mythological and magic essence are thoroughly analyzed here.
M. Kazimoghlu defended his Doctoral thesis “Genesis and Poetics of Laughter in Azerbaijani Folklore” in 2007. As the continuation in this research M.Kazimoghlu analyzed the problems of a hero and his duplicate, hero and anti hero, hero and false hero in his book “Bifurcation of the Character in Folklore” ( Baku, Elm, 2011) and turned them into the investigation object for the first time in Folklore. In this way he reveals that bifurcation of the character comes from mythology (especially from twins mythology) and finds its reflection in characteristic models (king and jester; wise man and fool; true and false; balanced and non-balanced) of different genres.
M. Kazimoghlu also draws attention to the most important issue for Azerbaijani Folklore Studies associated with the notion of “folklore” limited not only with folk Literature, but also reflecting folk music, folk medicine, folk games, folk knitting, folk architecture, folk clothes, folk cuisine and many other spheres in itself. Approaching the notion of “folklore” from this point of view has scientific importance in two aspects: a) folklore is studied in union with ethnography; b) creation of folklore on the oral tradition is especially taken into consideration.
He dedicated some of his articles to the principles of collection, compilation and investigation of Folklore, such as, “Main Principles in Collection and Systematization of Folklore”, “Koroghlu: Problems, Opinions”, “Garabagh Folklore: from Problems to Perspectives”, “ Master Ashug and Historical Tradition”, “ Azerbaijani Folklore Studies: History and Modernity” and so on. According to M.Kazimoghlu’s conclusion, not taking into consideration the process of expression of bayati, aghu, jokes, tales, destans and many other suchlike seriously prevents the recording, compiling and investigation processes of them in the correct scientific direction. F.eg: studying saz and word separately, or ignoring how much the ashug lyrics depends on ashug music shows the lack of serious attitude of some of the researchers in this direction. M.Kazimoghlu pays a special attention to the problems of literary heritage and inheritance and shows a great respect to the former researchers .